The two-year study on the Baltic area as a hub focuses on the functionality of the hub concept by testing it against various possibilities. Did the Baltic as a whole constitute as a hub, or did cities like Gdansk, Riga, Hamburg, or Reval become hubs for the fiscal-military system? One important aspect of this is the question of competition, both between different cities for providing needed war resources and between different wars competing for the (limited) war resources Baltic ports could provide. Furthermore, since the Baltic powers were in constant competition to each other as well as dependent on each other, a part of the Baltic case study will analyse the foreign influences in military organisation between the Baltic powers and beyond.
The study will focus i) on the period of the Livonian War and the Thirty Years’ War (ca. 1558 to 1630s) in which all Baltic powers were forced to reorganise their military supply for fighting across the sea, and ii) on the period shortly before and during the Great Northern War (c. 1680s to 1721) which was at the same time as the War of the Spanish Succession, and involved European powers beyond the Baltic, including the Ottoman Empire.
The close connections of the Baltic to Amsterdam and Vienna study will be explored further in additional academic outputs.