Aaron Graham

aaron graham

Featured Publication

For the London case study

Email: aaron.graham@history.ox.ac.uk 

I joined the project after a Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship at UCL (2016-19) and a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of Oxford (2012-15), having received my doctorate here in 2012.  I’m delighted to be back at Oxford, where I will be working on the history of London as a European financial and fiscal-military hub between 1660 and 1870.  This will analyse the changing ways that British and European states worked with financiers and bankers in London to advance their aims and project power in Europe, by floating loans on the money markets and transmitting that money to Europe.  My project therefore covers the ‘rise’ of Britain as a European power, and the structures and financial networks at home and abroad which made it possible, but it also aims to show that these also allowed other European states to develop their own powers, making London part of a wider European fiscal-military system.

This project therefore builds on my existing work, which has used the dual concepts of ‘corruption’ and ‘regulation’ to examine state formation and finance in Britain and its empire during the same period.  My first book examined how the British state funded its armies overseas during the War of the Spanish Succession (1702-13), the networks of bankers and agents this involved, and the nature of corruption.  Later work supported by the British Academy extended this to the British Atlantic before 1776, and encouraged me to examine the interlocking roles of the imperial and colonial state, and I am currently writing a study of Jamaica as a fiscal-military hub between 1770 and 1840.  This raised wider issues of banking and corporate regulation before 1860 which I have explored with support from the Leverhulme Trust, and on which I continue to publish.  I am delighted by the chance that this project offers to refocus my work on Britain and Europe, and to explore the development of the European fiscal-military system over several centuries.


Slavery, security and society in Jamaica and the British Atlantic, 1770-1840 (Oxford University press, forthcoming 2021)

Bills of Union: Money, Empire and Ambitions in the Mid Eighteenth Century British Atlantic (Palgrave Macmillan, 2021)

 "Huguenots, Jacobites, prisoners and the challenge of military remittances in early modern warfare". War and Society, 2021.

‘Credit, credibility and the circulation of Exchequer Bills in the early Financial Revolution’, Financial History Review 26 (2019) pp. 63-80

‘A descent into Hellshire: safety, security and the slave society in Jamaica, 1819-20’, Atlantic Studies: Global Currents (forthcoming, 2019)

‘Security, taxation and the imperial system in Jamaica, 1721-1782’, Early American Studies (forthcoming, 2019).  With Prof. Trevor Burnard

‘Corruption and contractors in the North Atlantic, 1754-63’, English Historical Review 133 (2018) pp. 1093-1119

‘The British Financial Revolution and the empire of credit in St Kitts and Nevis, 1706-21’, Historical Research 91 (2018) pp. 685-704

The British Fiscal-Military States, 1660-c. 1783 (Routledge, 2016).  With Dr Patrick Walsh.

Corruption, Party and Government in Britain, 1702-13 (Oxford University Press, 2015)

‘Auditing Leviathan: corruption and state formation in early eighteenth century Britain’, English Historical Review vol. 128 no. 533 (August 2013) pp. 806-38.

‘Finance, localism and military representation in the army of the Earl of Essex (June-December 1642)’, Historical Journal vol. 52 no. 4 (December 2009) pp. 879-98.